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Psalm 2:7 - I will tell of the decree...

Nahum O'Brien on May 25, 2018

I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, "You are my Son; today I have begotten you.

 
The King now declares the decree of the LORD. Here then we must face the dilemma of whether David is intending to refer to himself here, who is a type and shadow of Christ; or whether David is specifically prophesying of the future Messiah and him alone. I contend that David  intentionally writes prophetically here of Jesus Christ. This seems to be the contention of Paul in Acts 13:32-33:
 
And we bring to you the good news that what God promised to the fathers, this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus, as also it is written in the second Psalm, ‘You are my Son, today I have begotten you.’
 
This also seems to be the view of the author of Hebrews:
 
1:5 - For to which of the angels did God ever say, ‘You are my Son, today I have begotten you?’ 

5:5 - So also Christ did not exalt himself to be made a high priest, but was appointed by him who said to him, ‘You are my Son, today I have begotten you.”
 
 
The testimony of Scripture seems to demonstrate that David here was prophetically writing only of Jesus Christ. While you are in Hebrews, look at the second portion of 1:5: “Or again, ‘I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son?’”Here is provided for us an example of a text initially being written in regards to a literal person (Solomon) and ultimately being used in reference to Christ. The author of Hebrews extracts this quote from the Lord’s covenant with David in 2 Samuel 7:12-15:
 
When your (David’s) days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before you.
 
It is clear here that the original text is in reference to David’s son Solomon. Solomon would assume the throne of David following David’s death. Solomon would build the temple for the Lord. Additionally, there are direct messianic undertones. Solomon’s physical throne and kingdom eventually fell, but the spiritual throne and kingdom of Christ has indeed been established forever. However, the original text may not be interpreted entirely of the messiah, for the son in 2 Samuel 7:12-15 commits iniquity and would be disciplined by the Lord. Therefore, Solomon is a type and shadow of the coming messiah. Thus, the author of Hebrews takes the declaration of sonship given historically in regards to Solomon and applies it typologically to Christ. In contrast, Psalm 2, also referenced by the author of Hebrews, contains no clear original context in reference to David. Thus our conclusion remains that Psalm 2 was originally intended to be about the Messiah and Him alone. Even still, if one were still to hold to some historical setting of Psalm 2, the ultimate fulfillment is in the Son of God, Jesus Christ. 
 
Thus we have Jesus Christ here declaring the decree of the LORD. Plumer writes, “But Christ, who is that Prophet, the great Teacher of the church, says, I will declare the decree, I will now make known and publish abroad God’s free, sovereign, eternal purpose, and let my enemies know that his determination is fixed.”